|QUESTION TYPE||VERBS / CUES||DEFINITION / STRATEGY|
|Factual Recall||NAME, LIST, STATE, SUMMARIZE, OUTLINE||Restate or summarize from your notes.|
|Analysis / Explanation of Relationships||EXPLAIN, DISCUSS (Main ideas and Major supporting points)||Explain in detail, based on the information in a lecture or reading Note: Do not express your opinion!|
use Critical Analysis
use Cause/Effect; (C/E)
use Comparison/Contrast (C/C)
|Synthesis / Application of previously learned principles||ANALYZE, EVALUATE, EXPLAIN, PROVE, SHOW, JUSTIFY, ILLUSTRATE, COMPARE/ CONTRAST||Transfer the principles or material learned in class to another example or situation (synthesis /“think”-question) |
Note: Do not express your opinion!
|Opinion||IN YOUR OPINION, … WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT …?||State your opinion and prove it with examples and/or supporting points by referring to information from a lecture or reading.|
- Read the questions very carefully at least 2 or 3 times.
- Circle the main verb (= action verb/imperative) in the question and decide on the necessary rhetorical strategy for answering the question (cause-effect, comparison-contrast, definition, classification, problem-solution).
- Make sure you understand what type of answer the main verb calls for (a diagram a summary, details, an analysis, an evaluation).
- Circle all the keywords in the question.
- Decide if you need to write a 1-paragraph or a multi-paragraph answer.
- Write a brief outline of all the points you want to mention in your answer.
- Restate the question and answer it with a topic sentence (for a 1-paragraph answer) or a thesis statement (for a multi-paragraph answer).
- Answer the question according to general rules of academic writing. Use indentations; begin each paragraph with a topic sentence; support the topic sentence(s) with reasons and/or examples; use transition words to show logical organization; write a conclusion. Use correct punctuation throughout.
- Read over your answer again and check if all the main ideas have been included.
- Check your answer for grammar and punctuation.